Index of Rules and Interpretations

10-second Runoff from Game Clock -- Foul (Delays/Clock Tactics) 86 10-second Subtraction from Game Clock -- Common Procedures (Delays/Clock Tactics) 88

Access to Officials (Miscellaneous) 183 Administration and Enforcement (The Ball) 44 After the Ball is Snapped (Backward Pass and Fumble) 121 Age groups (Status of BAFA games) 186 All Become Eligible (Scrimmage Kicks) 106 Approved Rulings and Official's Signals 53 At Rest (Backward Pass and Fumble) 121 Authority to impose sanctions (Sanctions) 184

BAFA game (Status of BAFA games) 185 Ball Dead in End Zone (Free Kicks) 103 Ball Declared Dead (Ball in Play - Dead Ball) 93 Ball Ready for Play (Ball in Play - Dead Ball) 94 Basic Spot (Spots) 65 Batting a Backward Pass in Flight (Batting and Kicking) 159 Batting a Loose Ball (Batting and Kicking) 158 Batting Ball in Possession (Batting and Kicking) 159 Batting (Fumble, Muff, Batting and Touching the Ball; Blocking a Kick) 58 Behind the Neutral Zone (Scrimmage Kicks) 105 Belongs To (Catch, Recovery, Possession) 55 Below Waist (Blocking) 54 Between Downs (Down, Between Downs and Loss of Down) 56 Beyond the Neutral Zone (Scrimmage Kicks) 106 Blocking a Scrimmage Kick (Fumble, Muff, Batting and Touching the Ball; Blocking a Kick) 59 Blocking Below the Waist (Personal Fouls) 143 Blocking (Blocking) 54 Blocking in the Back (Blocking, Use of Hands or Arms) 157 Block in the Back (Blocking) 54 Boundary Lines (Lines) 59

Catchable Forward Pass (Passes) 63 Catch, Interception, Recovery (Catch, Recovery, Possession) 55 Catch or Recovery by Kicking Team (Scrimmage Kicks) 107 Catch or Recovery by Receiving Team (Scrimmage Kicks) 107 Caught or Recovered (Backward Pass and Fumble) 120 Ceremonies (Miscellaneous) 184 Changing Rooms (Changing Facilities) 176 Charged Team Timeouts (Timeouts: Starting and Stopping the Clock) 81 Chop Block (Blocking) 54 Chop Blocking (Personal Fouls) 146 Clipping 56 Clipping (Personal Fouls) 142 Coaches' Certification (Players and Playing Equipment) 51 Coaches' Phones (Players and Playing Equipment) 52 Competition Notification (Cancellation, Suspension and Abandonment of Games) 183 Complete Pass (Forward Pass) 124 Concussion protocol (Medical Provision) 176 Contact Against an Opponent Out of the Play (Personal Fouls) 147 Contact Against the Snapper (Personal Fouls) 147 Contacting an Official (Unsportsmanlike Conduct Fouls) 153 Contact Interference (Forward Pass) 128 Continued Participation Without Helmet (Personal Fouls) 149 Continuity of Downs Broken (A Series: Started, Broken, Renewed) 98 Controlled scrimmage (Status of BAFA games) 185 Criteria for reversing an on-field ruling (Procedures) 173 Crosses Neutral Zone (Passes) 63

Dead Ball Becomes Alive (Ball in Play - Dead Ball) 92 Dead-Ball Fouls (Penalties Completed) 162 Dead-Ball Spot (Spots) 64 Dead Ball (The Ball: Live, Dead, Loose, Ready For Play) 53 Dead Where Caught (Fair Catch) 112 Defenseless player (Team and Player Designations) 68 Defensive Linemen on Place Kicks (Scrimmage Kicks) 110 Defensive Team Requirements (The Scrimmage) 119 Definition of coach (Team and Player Designations) 68 Delaying the Start of a Half (Delays/Clock Tactics) 85 Determining the Enforcement Spot and the Basic Spot (Enforcement Procedures) 164 Dimensions and Markings (The Field) 38 Disqualified players and coaches (Unsportsmanlike Conduct Fouls) 154 Disqualified Player (Team and Player Designations) 67 Down (Down, Between Downs and Loss of Down) 56 Drop Kick (Kicks; Kicking the Ball) 60 During Live Ball (Backward Pass and Fumble) 120

Eligibility Gained or Regained (Forward Pass) 124 Eligibility Lost by Going Out of Bounds (Forward Pass) 123 Eligibility to Block (Free Kicks) 104 Eligibility to Touch Legal Forward Pass (Forward Pass) 123 Encroachment (Encroachment and Offside) 62 End Lines (Lines) 59 End Zones (Field Areas) 70 Enforcement Spots (Enforcement Procedures) 163 Enforcement Spot (Spots) 64 Equipment and personnel (Procedures) 173 Explictly reviewable fouls (Scope of the video judge) 172 Extension of Periods (Playing Time and Intermissions) 76 Extra Periods (Start of Each Period) 72

Fair Catch (Fair Catch) 57 Field Areas (The Field) 43 Field Goal Attempt (Kicks; Kicking the Ball) 61 Field of Play (Field Areas) 70 Fighting 159, 70 First and Third Periods (Start of Each Period) 72 Flagrant Fouls (Personal Fouls) 140 Flagrant Personal Foul (Foul and Violation) 58 Forced Touching Disregarded (Free Kicks) 103 Forced Touching Disregarded (Scrimmage Kicks) 106 Forfeited Games (Value of Scores) 131 Forward and Backward Pass (Passes) 62 Forward, Beyond (Forward, Beyond and Forward Progress) 57 Forward Passer (Team and Player Designations) 67 Forward Pass Play (Play Classification) 69 Forward Progress (A Series: Started, Broken, Renewed) 97 Forward Progress (Forward, Beyond and Forward Progress) 57 Foul After Change of Team Possession (Down and Possession After a Penalty) 99 Foul Against Kicker (Free Kicks) 103 Foul Before Change of Team Possession (Down and Possession After a Penalty) 99 Foul Between Downs (Down and Possession After a Penalty) 99 Foul Between Series (Down and Possession After a Penalty) 100 Foul During Free Kick Down (Down and Possession After a Penalty) 99 Foul (Foul and Violation) 57 Foul Not Called (Flagrant Personal Fouls) 160 Fouls After a Try (Try Down) 135 Fouls by Both Teams (Down and Possession After a Penalty) 100 Fouls By Kicking Team (Free Kicks) 103 Fouls By Kicking Team (Scrimmage Kicks) 109 Fouls by Team A During Kicks (Enforcement Procedures) 167 Fouls During a Try After a Change of Team Possession (Try Down) 135 Fouls During a Try Before a Change of Team Possession (Try Down) 134 Fouls During or After a Touchdown, Field Goal or Try (Enforcement Procedures) 167 Frame (of the Body) (Blocking) 54 Free-blocking zone (Blocking) 54 Free Kick at Rest (Free Kicks) 103 Free Kick Caught or Recovered (Free Kicks) 103 Free Kick Formation (Free Kicks) 101 Free Kick (Kicks; Kicking the Ball) 61 Free Kick Play (Play Classification) 69 Fumble (Fumble, Muff, Batting and Touching the Ball; Blocking a Kick) 58

Game Administration and Sideline Interference (Unsportsmanlike Conduct Fouls) 154 Game Clock (Timing Devices) 69 Game Management (Cancellation, Suspension and Abandonment of Games) 181 Game Officials (General Provisions) 37 Game Supervision (Cancellation, Suspension and Abandonment of Games) 182 General Principle (Cancellation, Suspension and Abandonment of Games) 181 Goal Lines (General Provisions) 37 Goal Lines (Lines) 59 Goals (The Field) 41

Half-Distance Enforcement Procedures (Enforcement Procedures) 169 Handing the Ball 60 Handing the Ball Forward (The Scrimmage) 120 Hash Marks (Lines) 59 Held Ball Out of Bounds (Out of Bounds) 95 Helmet and Face Mask Fouls (Personal Fouls) 145 Helmet Comes Off -- Timeout (Timeouts: Starting and Stopping the Clock) 84 Holding and Use of Hands or Arms: Defense (Blocking, Use of Hands or Arms) 156 Holding and Use of Hands or Arms: Offense (Blocking, Use of Hands or Arms) 155 Horse Collar Tackle (Personal Fouls) 148 How and When Completed (Penalties Completed) 161 How Scored (Field Goal) 135 How Scored (Safety) 136 How Scored (Touchdown) 131 How Scored (Try Down) 132 Huddle 60 Hurdling 60 Hurdling (Personal Fouls) 147

Illegal Block or Contact (Fair Catch) 113 Illegal Contact and Pass Interference (Forward Pass) 126 Illegal Delay of the Game (Delays/Clock Tactics) 85 Illegal equipment (Players and Playing Equipment) 49 Illegal Forward Pass (Forward Pass) 121 Illegally Kicking a Ball (Batting and Kicking) 159 Illegal Touching (Forward Pass) 130 Illegal Wedge Formation (Free Kicks) 104 Inbounds Spot (Spots) 65 Incomplete Pass (Forward Pass) 125 Ineligible Receiver Downfield (Forward Pass) 129 Information provision (Procedures) 174 Initial Impetus (Responsibility and Impetus) 139 Initiating review (Procedures) 173 Injured players (Scope of the video judge) 172 Injury Timeout (Timeouts: Starting and Stopping the Clock) 82 In Possession (Catch, Recovery, Possession) 54 Instructions to Stadium Game Clock Operators (Stadium Clocks) 178 Instructions to Stadium Play Clock Operators (Stadium Clocks) 178 Interference with Opportunity (Opportunity to Catch a Kick) 110 Interfering for or Helping the Ball Carrier or Passer (Blocking, Use of Hands or Arms) 155 Interval Fouls (Penalties Completed) 163 Invalid Signal (Fair Catch) 57 Invalid Signals: Catch or Recovery (Fair Catch) 113

Jersey Design, Colour and Numerals (Players and Playing Equipment) 47 Jurisdiction 170

Kick After Safety (Safety) 138 Kicker and Holder (Team and Player Designations) 66 Kicking Team (Free Kick Out of Bounds) 104 Kicking the Ball; Legal and Illegal Kicks (Kicks; Kicking the Ball) 60 Kickoff (Kicks; Kicking the Ball) 61

Late Hit, Action Out of Bounds (Personal Fouls) 145 Legal and Illegal Kicks (Scrimmage Kicks) 108 Legal Forward Pass (Forward Pass) 121 Legal Substitutions (Substitutions) 88 Length of Periods and Intermissions (Playing Time and Intermissions) 74 Length of Timeouts (Timeouts: Starting and Stopping the Clock) 83 Leverage, Leaping and Landing (Personal Fouls) 146 Liaison with Game Personnel (Game Personnel) 180 Licensed coach (Status of BAFA games) 186 Licensed official (Status of BAFA games) 186 Limit Lines (The Field) 40 Lineman and Back (Team and Player Designations) 66 Line-to-Gain and Down Indicators (The Field) 42 Line to Gain (A Series: Started, Broken, Renewed) 97 Live Ball Becomes Dead (Ball in Play - Dead Ball) 92 Live-Ball - Dead-Ball Fouls (Penalties Completed) 162 Live-Ball Fouls by the Same Team (Penalties Completed) 161 Live Ball (The Ball: Live, Dead, Loose, Ready For Play) 53 Loose Ball Out of Bounds (Out of Bounds) 95 Loose Ball (The Ball: Live, Dead, Loose, Ready For Play) 53 Loose Behind the Goal Line (Scrimmage Kicks) 108 Loss of down (Down, Between Downs and Loss of Down) 56

Mandatory and Illegal Equipment Enforcement (Players and Playing Equipment) 50 Mandatory equipment (Players and Playing Equipment) 46 Markers or Obstructions (The Field) 43 Marking Balls (The Ball) 45 Marking Boundary Areas (The Field) 39 Medical Requirement Administration (Medical Provision) 176 Minimum Medical Requirements (Medical Provision) 175 Minimum Standards for Game Clocks (Stadium Clocks) 177 Minimum Standards for Play Clocks (Stadium Clocks) 177 More than eleven players on the field (Substitutions) 90 Muff (Fumble, Muff, Batting and Touching the Ball; Blocking a Kick) 58

Next Play (Field Goal) 136 Next Play (Try Down) 135 Nine-Yard Marks (Lines) 60 No Advance (Fair Catch) 112 No Tackling (Fair Catch) 114

Offensive and Defensive Teams (Team and Player Designations) 66 Offensive Team Requirements -- At the Snap (The Scrimmage) 117 Offensive Team Requirements -- Prior to the Snap (The Scrimmage) 116 Officials' Assistants (Game Personnel) 179 Offsetting Fouls (Penalties Completed) 161 Offside (Encroachment and Offside) 62 Opportunity to Score (Try Down) 133 Optional equipment (Players and Playing Equipment) 48 Out of Bounds at Forward Point (Out of Bounds) 95 Out of Bounds (Backward Pass and Fumble) 121 Out of Bounds Behind Goal Line (Scrimmage Kicks) 107 Out of Bounds Between Goal Lines or at Rest Inbounds (Scrimmage Kicks) 107 Out of Bounds Player (Scrimmage Kicks) 109 Out-of-Bounds Spot (Spots) 65

Passing (Passes) 62 Penalty Declined (Down and Possession After a Penalty) 99 Penalty Resulting in New Series (Down and Possession After a Penalty) 99 Period between games: officials (Status of BAFA games) 187 Period between games: teams (Status of BAFA games) 186 Personal Foul (Foul and Violation) 58 Persons Subject to the Rules (General Provisions) 37 Philosophy (Philosophy and rationale) 171 Place Kick (Kicks; Kicking the Ball) 60 Planned Loose Ball (The Scrimmage) 120 Play-Clock Count (Ball in Play - Dead Ball) 95 Play Clock (Timing Devices) 69 Player Ejection (Flagrant Personal Fouls) 160 Player not on roster (Roster form breaches) 185 Player Out of Bounds and In Bounds (Team and Player Designations) 68 Player Out of Bounds (Free Kicks) 104 Player Out of Bounds (Out of Bounds) 95 Players' Numbering (Players and Playing Equipment) 46 Player (Team and Player Designations) 67 Player Vacancy (Team and Player Designations) 67 Playing Enclosure (Field Areas) 70 Playing games (Status of BAFA games) 186 Playing Surface (Field Areas) 70 Possession Series (Series and Possession Series) 64 Possible sanctions (Sanctions) 184 Postscrimmage Kick Enforcement (Enforcement Procedures) 166 Postscrimmage Kick Spot (Spots) 65 Previous Spot (Spots) 64 Procedure for Delaying the Start of a Game (Cancellation, Suspension and Abandonment of Games) 182 Procedure for Suspending the Game (Cancellation, Suspension and Abandonment of Games) 183 Procedures for Operating Game Clocks (Stadium Clocks) 178 Procedures for Operating Play Clocks (Stadium Clocks) 178 Prohibited Field Equipment (Players and Playing Equipment) 51 Prohibited Signal Devices (Players and Playing Equipment) 51 Public Address Announcers (Miscellaneous) 184 Punt (Kicks; Kicking the Ball) 60 Pylons (The Field) 42

Rationale (Philosophy and rationale) 171 Receiving Team (Free Kick Out of Bounds) 105 Recommended Numbering (Players and Playing Equipment) 46 Referee microphone (Players and Playing Equipment) 52 Referee's Notification (Timeouts: Starting and Stopping the Clock) 83 Removing persons from the playing enclosure (Unsportsmanlike Conduct Fouls) 154 Replaced Player (Team and Player Designations) 67 Requesting a review (Scope of the video judge) 171 Responsibilities 170 Responsibility (Responsibility and Impetus) 139 Restraining Lines (Free Kicks) 101 Restraining Lines (Lines) 59 Result of the Play (Play Classification) 70 Return Kick (Kicks; Kicking the Ball) 61 Reviewable plays (Scope of the video judge) 172 Roughing or Running into Kicker or Holder (Personal Fouls) 148 Roughing the Passer (Personal Fouls) 145 Rules Decisions Final (Down and Possession After a Penalty) 100 Runner and Ball Carrier (Team and Player Designations) 67 Running Play and Run (Play Classification) 69

Scoring Plays (Value of Scores) 131 Scrimmage Down (Scrimmage) 63 Scrimmage Kick Formation (Kicks; Kicking the Ball) 61 Scrimmage Kick (Kicks; Kicking the Ball) 61 Scrimmage Kick Play (Play Classification) 69 Scrimmage Line (Scrimmage) 63 Second and Fourth Periods (Start of Each Period) 72 Security and Access (Changing Facilities) 176 Series (Series and Possession Series) 64 Shift 63 Shift and False Start (The Scrimmage) 115 Sidelines (Lines) 59 Side Zone (Field Areas) 70 Simultaneous Catch or Recovery (Catch, Recovery, Possession) 56 Simultaneous with Snap (Penalties Completed) 161 Snap After a Touchback (Touchback) 138 Snapper (Team and Player Designations) 67 Snapping the Ball 64 Special Enforcement of Post-Possession Fouls (Enforcement Procedures) 169 Specifications: Mandatory Equipment (Players and Playing Equipment) 47 Specifications (The Ball) 44 Spot of the Foul (Spots) 65 Spot Where Kick Ends (Spots) 65 Spot Where Run Ends (Spots) 65 Squad Member (Team and Player Designations) 67 Starting and Stopping the Clock (Timeouts: Starting and Stopping the Clock) 78 Starting with a Snap (The Scrimmage) 115 Stewards (Game Personnel) 180 Striking Fouls and Tripping (Personal Fouls) 140 Substitute (Team and Player Designations) 67 Substitution Procedures (Substitutions) 88 Succeeding Spot (Spots) 64 Suspending the game (Timeouts: Starting and Stopping the Clock) 81

Tackle Box 71 Targeting 71 Targeting and Making Forcible Contact to Head or Neck Area of a Defenseless Player (Personal Fouls) 141 Targeting and Making Forcible Contact With the Crown of the Helmet (Personal Fouls) 141 Team Area and Coaching Box (The Field) 40 Team Arrival (Cancellation, Suspension and Abandonment of Games) 181 Team B personal foul during legal forward pass play (Forward Pass) 130 Team Captains (General Provisions) 37 Teams A and B (Team and Player Designations) 66 Teams Subject to the Rules (General Provisions) 38 Terms and Conditions 217 The Field (Cancellation, Suspension and Abandonment of Games) 181 The Field (Field Areas) 70 The Game (General Provisions) 37 The Neutral Zone 62 Timeout (Timeouts: Starting and Stopping the Clock) 78 Timing Adjustments (Playing Time and Intermissions) 75 Timing Devices (Playing Time and Intermissions) 76 Touching and Recovery of a Free Kick (Free Kicks) 102 Touching (Fumble, Muff, Batting and Touching the Ball; Blocking a Kick) 58 Touching Ground On or Behind Goal Line (Scrimmage Kicks) 108

Unfair Acts (Unsportsmanlike Conduct Fouls) 153 Unfair Clock Tactics (Delays/Clock Tactics) 86 Unfair Tactics (Unsportsmanlike Conduct Fouls) 152 Unsportsmanlike Acts (Unsportsmanlike Conduct Fouls) 149 Use of Hands or Arms by Defense: Passing Downs (Blocking, Use of Hands or Arms) 157

Valid Signal (Fair Catch) 57 Violation (Foul and Violation) 58 Violation Timeouts (Timeouts: Starting and Stopping the Clock) 83

Water Carriers (Game Personnel) 180 Weather (Cancellation, Suspension and Abandonment of Games) 182 When Ball is Loose (Blocking, Use of Hands or Arms) 157 When Ball is Ready for Play (The Ball: Live, Dead, Loose, Ready For Play) 53 When Declared (Touchback) 138 When to Award Series (A Series: Started, Broken, Renewed) 97 Who May Block (Blocking, Use of Hands or Arms) 155 Winning Team and Final Score (General Provisions) 37

Yard Lines (Lines) 59


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Editor: Jim Briggs, BAFA/BAFRA Rules Committee
rules@bafra.org