Index of Rules and Interpretations

10-second Runoff from Game Clock -- Common Procedures (Delays/Clock Tactics) 99 10-second Runoff from Game Clock -- Foul (Delays/Clock Tactics) 98 10-second Runoff Summary (Delays/Clock Tactics) 99

Access to Officials (Miscellaneous) 202 Administration and Enforcement (The Ball) 52 After the Ball is Snapped (Backward Pass and Fumble) 134 Age groups (Status of BAFA games) 204 All Become Eligible (Scrimmage Kicks) 119 Approved Rulings and Official's Signals 62 At Rest (Backward Pass and Fumble) 135 Authority to impose sanctions (Sanctions) 203

BAFA game (Status of BAFA games) 204 Ball Dead in End Zone (Free Kicks) 116 Ball Declared Dead (Ball in Play - Dead Ball) 105 Ball Ready for Play (Ball in Play - Dead Ball) 107 Basic Spot (Spots) 75 Batting a Backward Pass in Flight (Batting and Kicking) 176 Batting a Loose Ball (Batting and Kicking) 175 Batting Ball in Possession (Batting and Kicking) 176 Batting (Fumble, Muff; Batting and Touching the Ball; Blocking a Kick) 67 Behind the Neutral Zone (Scrimmage Kicks) 118 Belongs To (Catch, Recovery, Possession) 64 Below Waist (Blocking) 63 Between Downs (Down, Between Downs and Loss of Down) 65 Beyond the Neutral Zone (Scrimmage Kicks) 118 Blind-side block (Blocking) 63 Blind-side block (Personal Fouls) 165 Blocking a Scrimmage Kick (Fumble, Muff; Batting and Touching the Ball; Blocking a Kick) 68 Blocking Below the Waist (Personal Fouls) 158 Blocking (Blocking) 63 Blocking in the Back (Blocking, Use of Hands or Arms) 174 Block in the Back (Blocking) 63 Boundary Lines (Lines) 68

Catchable Forward Pass (Passes) 73 Catch, Interception, Recovery (Catch, Recovery, Possession) 64 Catch or Recovery by Kicking Team (Scrimmage Kicks) 120 Catch or Recovery by Receiving Team (Scrimmage Kicks) 120 Caught or Recovered (Backward Pass and Fumble) 134 Ceremonies (Miscellaneous) 202 Changing Rooms (Changing Facilities) 194 Charged Team Timeouts (Timeouts: Starting and Stopping the Clock) 92 Chop Block (Blocking) 63 Chop Blocking (Personal Fouls) 162 Clipping 65 Clipping (Personal Fouls) 157 Coaches' Certification (Players and Playing Equipment) 59 Coaches' Phones (Players and Playing Equipment) 61 Coach (Team and Player Designations) 78 Competition Notification (Cancellation, Suspension and Abandonment of Games) 202 Complete Pass (Forward Pass) 138 Concussion protocol (Medical Provision) 194 Contact Against an Opponent Out of the Play (Personal Fouls) 163 Contact Against the Snapper (Personal Fouls) 163 Contacting an Official (Unsportsmanlike Conduct Fouls) 170 Continued Participation Without Helmet (Personal Fouls) 165 Continuity of Downs Broken (A Series: Started, Broken, Renewed) 110 Controlled scrimmage (Status of BAFA games) 204 Criteria for reversing an on-field ruling (Procedures) 190 Crosses Neutral Zone (Passes) 72

Dead Ball Becomes Alive (Ball in Play - Dead Ball) 103 Dead-Ball Fouls (Penalties Completed) 179 Dead-Ball Spot (Spots) 74 Dead Ball (The Ball: Live, Dead, Loose, Ready For Play) 62 Dead Where Caught (Fair Catch) 125 Defenseless player (Team and Player Designations) 77 Defensive Linemen on Scrimmage Kick Plays (Scrimmage Kicks) 122 Defensive Team Requirements (The Scrimmage) 132 Delaying the Start of a Half (Delays/Clock Tactics) 96 Determining the Enforcement Spot and the Basic Spot (Enforcement Procedures) 181 Dimensions and Markings (The Field) 45 Disqualified players and coaches (Unsportsmanlike Conduct Fouls) 171 Disqualified Player (Team and Player Designations) 77 Down (Down, Between Downs and Loss of Down) 65 Drop Kick (Kicks; Kicking the Ball) 70 During Live Ball (Backward Pass and Fumble) 134

Eligibility Gained or Regained (Forward Pass) 137 Eligibility Lost by Going Out of Bounds (Forward Pass) 137 Eligibility to Block (Free Kicks) 117 Eligibility to Touch Legal Forward Pass (Forward Pass) 137 Encroachment (Encroachment and Offside) 71 End Lines (Lines) 68 End Zones (Field Areas) 80 Enforcement Spots (Enforcement Procedures) 180 Enforcement Spot (Spots) 74 Equipment and personnel (Procedures) 190 Explictly reviewable fouls (Scope of the video judge) 189 Extension of Periods (Playing Time and Intermissions) 86 Extra Periods (Start of Each Period) 83

Fair Catch (Fair Catch) 66 Field Goal Attempt (Kicks; Kicking the Ball) 71 Field of Play (Field Areas) 80 Field Surface (The Field) 51 Fighting 177, 80 Flagrant Personal Foul (Foul and Violation) 67 Flagrant Personal Fouls (Personal Fouls) 155 Forced Touching Disregarded (Free Kicks) 115 Forced Touching Disregarded (Scrimmage Kicks) 119 Forfeited Games (Value of Scores) 145 Forward and Backward Pass (Passes) 72 Forward, Beyond (Forward, Beyond and Forward Progress) 66 Forward passer (Team and Player Designations) 76 Forward Pass Play (Play Classification) 79 Forward Progress (A Series: Started, Broken, Renewed) 109 Forward Progress (Forward, Beyond and Forward Progress) 67 Foul After Change of Team Possession (Down and Possession After a Penalty) 111 Foul Against Kicker (Free Kicks) 116 Foul Before Change of Team Possession (Down and Possession After a Penalty) 111 Foul Between Downs (Down and Possession After a Penalty) 111 Foul Between Series (Down and Possession After a Penalty) 112 Foul During Free Kick Down (Down and Possession After a Penalty) 111 Foul (Foul and Violation) 67 Foul Not Called (Flagrant Fouls) 177 Fouls After a Try (Try Down) 150 Fouls by Both Teams (Down and Possession After a Penalty) 112 Fouls By Kicking Team (Free Kicks) 116 Fouls By Kicking Team (Scrimmage Kicks) 122 Fouls by Team A During Kicks (Enforcement Procedures) 184 Fouls During a Try After a Change of Team Possession (Try Down) 149 Fouls During a Try Before a Change of Team Possession (Try Down) 148 Fouls During or After a Touchdown, Field Goal or Try (Enforcement Procedures) 184 Frame of the body (Blocking) 63 Free-blocking zone (Blocking) 63 Free Kick at Rest (Free Kicks) 116 Free Kick Caught or Recovered (Free Kicks) 116 Free Kick Formation (Free Kicks) 113 Free Kick (Kicks; Kicking the Ball) 70 Free Kick Play (Play Classification) 79 Fumble (Fumble, Muff; Batting and Touching the Ball; Blocking a Kick) 67

Game Administration and Sideline Interference (Unsportsmanlike Conduct Fouls) 171 Game Clock (Timing Devices) 78 Game management and competition authority (Game Personnel) 199 Game Management (Cancellation, Suspension and Abandonment of Games) 200 Game Officials (General Provisions) 44 Game Supervision (Cancellation, Suspension and Abandonment of Games) 200 General Principle (Cancellation, Suspension and Abandonment of Games) 199 Goal Lines and Pylons (Lines) 68 Goal Lines (General Provisions) 44 Goals (The Field) 48

Half-Distance Enforcement Procedures (Enforcement Procedures) 186 Handing the Ball 69 Handing the Ball Forward (The Scrimmage) 133 Hash Marks (Lines) 69 Healthcare practitioners (Medical Provision) 192 Held Ball Out of Bounds (Out of Bounds) 107 Helmet and Face Mask Fouls (Personal Fouls) 160 Helmet Comes Off -- Timeout (Timeouts: Starting and Stopping the Clock) 95 Holding and Use of Hands or Arms: Defense (Blocking, Use of Hands or Arms) 174 Holding and Use of Hands or Arms: Offense (Blocking, Use of Hands or Arms) 172 Horse Collar Tackle (Personal Fouls) 163 How and When Completed (Penalties Completed) 178 How Scored (Field Goal) 150 How Scored (Safety) 151 How Scored (Touchdown) 145 How Scored (Try Down) 146 Hurdling 69 Hurdling (Personal Fouls) 163

Illegal Block or Contact (Fair Catch) 127 Illegal Contact and Pass Interference (Forward Pass) 139 Illegal Delay of the Game (Delays/Clock Tactics) 97 Illegal equipment (Players and Playing Equipment) 57 Illegal Forward Pass (Forward Pass) 135 Illegally Kicking a Ball (Batting and Kicking) 176 Illegal Touching (Forward Pass) 143 Illegal Wedge Formation (Free Kicks) 116 Inbounds Spot (Spots) 74 Incomplete Pass (Forward Pass) 139 Ineligible Receiver Downfield (Forward Pass) 143 Information provision (Procedures) 191 Initial Impetus (Responsibility and Impetus) 153 Initiating review (Procedures) 190 Injured players (Scope of the video judge) 190 Injury Timeout (Timeouts: Starting and Stopping the Clock) 93 Instructions to Stadium Game Clock Operators (Stadium Clocks) 196 Instructions to Stadium Play Clock Operators (Stadium Clocks) 197 Interference with Opportunity (Opportunity to Catch a Kick) 123 Interfering for or Helping the Ball Carrier or Passer (Blocking, Use of Hands or Arms) 172 Interval Fouls (Penalties Completed) 180 Invalid Signal (Fair Catch) 66 Invalid Signals: Catch or Recovery (Fair Catch) 126

Jersey Design, Colour and Numerals (Players and Playing Equipment) 55 Jurisdiction 187

Kick After Safety (Safety) 152 Kicker and Holder (Team and Player Designations) 76 Kicking Team (Free Kick Out of Bounds) 117 Kicking the Ball; Legal and Illegal Kicks (Kicks; Kicking the Ball) 69 Kickoff (Kicks; Kicking the Ball) 70

Late Hit, Action Out of Bounds (Personal Fouls) 160 Legal and Illegal Kicks (Scrimmage Kicks) 121 Legal Forward Pass (Forward Pass) 135 Legal Substitutions (Substitutions) 100 Length of Periods and Intermissions (Playing Time and Intermissions) 85 Length of Timeouts (Timeouts: Starting and Stopping the Clock) 94 Leverage and Leaping (Personal Fouls) 162 Liaison with Game Personnel (Game Personnel) 199 Licensed coach (Status of BAFA games) 204 Licensed official (Status of BAFA games) 205 Limit Lines (The Field) 47 Lineman and Back (Team and Player Designations) 76 Line-to-Gain and Down Indicators (The Field) 50 Line to Gain (A Series: Started, Broken, Renewed) 109 Live Ball Becomes Dead (Ball in Play - Dead Ball) 103 Live-Ball - Dead-Ball Fouls (Penalties Completed) 179 Live-Ball Fouls by the Same Team (Penalties Completed) 178 Live Ball (The Ball: Live, Dead, Loose, Ready For Play) 62 Loose Ball Out of Bounds (Out of Bounds) 108 Loose Ball (The Ball: Live, Dead, Loose, Ready For Play) 62 Loose Behind the Goal Line (Scrimmage Kicks) 121 Loss of down (Down, Between Downs and Loss of Down) 66

Mandatory and Illegal Equipment Enforcement (Players and Playing Equipment) 58 Mandatory equipment (Players and Playing Equipment) 54 Markers or Obstructions (The Field) 50 Marking Balls (The Ball) 54 Marking Boundary Areas (The Field) 47 Medical Requirement Administration (Medical Provision) 194 Minimum Medical Requirements (Medical Provision) 192 Minimum Standards for Game Clocks (Stadium Clocks) 195 Minimum Standards for Play Clocks (Stadium Clocks) 195 More than eleven players on the field (Substitutions) 102 Muff (Fumble, Muff; Batting and Touching the Ball; Blocking a Kick) 67

Next Play (Field Goal) 150 Next Play (Try Down) 150 Nine-Yard Marks (Lines) 69 No Advance (Fair Catch) 126 No Tackling (Fair Catch) 127

Offensive and Defensive Teams (Team and Player Designations) 76 Offensive Team Requirements -- At the Snap (The Scrimmage) 130 Offensive Team Requirements -- Prior to the Snap (The Scrimmage) 129 Officials' Assistants (Game Personnel) 197 Offsetting Fouls (Penalties Completed) 178 Offside on a free kick play (Encroachment and Offside) 72 Offside on a scrimmage play (Encroachment and Offside) 71 Opportunity to Score (Try Down) 147 Optional equipment (Players and Playing Equipment) 57 Out of Bounds at Forward Point (Out of Bounds) 108 Out of Bounds (Backward Pass and Fumble) 134 Out of Bounds Behind Goal Line (Scrimmage Kicks) 120 Out of Bounds Between Goal Lines or at Rest Inbounds (Scrimmage Kicks) 120 Out of Bounds Player (Scrimmage Kicks) 122 Out-of-Bounds Spot (Spots) 74

Passing (Passes) 72 Pass Interference: Summary (Forward Pass) 142 Penalty Declined (Down and Possession After a Penalty) 111 Penalty Resulting in New Series (Down and Possession After a Penalty) 111 Period between games: officials (Status of BAFA games) 205 Period between games: teams (Status of BAFA games) 205 Personal Foul (Foul and Violation) 67 Persons Subject to the Rules (General Provisions) 44 Philosophy (Philosophy and rationale) 188 Place Kick (Kicks; Kicking the Ball) 70 Planned Loose Ball (The Scrimmage) 133 Play-Clock Count (Ball in Play - Dead Ball) 107 Play Clock (Timing Devices) 79 Player Ejection (Flagrant Fouls) 177 Player not on roster (Roster form breaches) 203 Player Out of Bounds and In Bounds (Team and Player Designations) 78 Player Out of Bounds (Free Kicks) 117 Player Out of Bounds (Out of Bounds) 107 Players' Numbering (Players and Playing Equipment) 54 Player (Team and Player Designations) 77 Player Vacancy (Team and Player Designations) 77 Playing Enclosure (Field Areas) 80 Playing games (Status of BAFA games) 205 Playing Surface (Field Areas) 80 Possession (Catch, Recovery, Possession) 64 Possession Series (Series and Possession Series) 74 Possible sanctions (Sanctions) 203 Postscrimmage Kick Enforcement (Enforcement Procedures) 183 Postscrimmage Kick Spot (Spots) 75 Pregame, First and Third Periods (Start of Each Period) 82 Previous Spot (Spots) 74 Principles (Prosthetics) 206 Procedure for Delaying the Start of a Game (Cancellation, Suspension and Abandonment of Games) 201 Procedure for Suspending the Game (Cancellation, Suspension and Abandonment of Games) 201 Procedure (Prosthetics) 206 Procedures for Operating Game Clocks (Stadium Clocks) 196 Procedures for Operating Play Clocks (Stadium Clocks) 196 Prohibited Field Equipment (Players and Playing Equipment) 59 Prohibited Signal Devices (Players and Playing Equipment) 59 Public Address Announcers (Miscellaneous) 202 Punt (Kicks; Kicking the Ball) 69 Pylons (The Field) 49

Rationale (Philosophy and rationale) 188 Receiving Team (Free Kick Out of Bounds) 117 Recommended Numbering (Players and Playing Equipment) 54 Referee communication (Players and Playing Equipment) 61 Referee's Notification (Timeouts: Starting and Stopping the Clock) 95 Removing persons from the playing enclosure (Unsportsmanlike Conduct Fouls) 172 Replaced Player (Team and Player Designations) 77 Requesting a review (Scope of the video judge) 188 Responsibilities 187 Responsibility (Responsibility and Impetus) 153 Restraining Lines (Free Kicks) 113 Restraining Lines (Lines) 68 Result of the Play (Play Classification) 79 Return Kick (Kicks; Kicking the Ball) 71 Reviewable plays (Scope of the video judge) 189 Roughing or Running into Kicker or Holder (Personal Fouls) 164 Roughing the Passer (Personal Fouls) 161 Rules Decisions Final (Down and Possession After a Penalty) 112 Runner and Ball Carrier (Team and Player Designations) 77 Running Play and Run (Play Classification) 79

Scoring Plays (Value of Scores) 145 Scrimmage Down (Scrimmage) 73 Scrimmage Kick Formation (Kicks; Kicking the Ball) 71 Scrimmage Kick (Kicks; Kicking the Ball) 70 Scrimmage Kick Play (Play Classification) 79 Scrimmage Line (Scrimmage) 73 Second and Fourth Periods (Start of Each Period) 83 Security and Access (Changing Facilities) 195 Series (Series and Possession Series) 74 Shift 73 Shift and False Start (The Scrimmage) 128 Sidelines (Lines) 68 Side Zone (Field Areas) 80 Simultaneous Catch or Recovery (Catch, Recovery, Possession) 65 Simultaneous with Snap (Penalties Completed) 178 Snap After a Touchback (Touchback) 153 Snapper (Team and Player Designations) 77 Snapping the Ball 73 Special Enforcement of Post-Possession Fouls (Enforcement Procedures) 186 Specifications: Mandatory Equipment (Players and Playing Equipment) 55 Specifications (The Ball) 52 Spot of the Foul (Spots) 74 Spot Where Kick Ends (Spots) 75 Spot Where Run Ends (Spots) 75 Squad Member (Team and Player Designations) 77 Starting and Stopping the Clock (Timeouts: Starting and Stopping the Clock) 89 Starting with a Snap (The Scrimmage) 128 Stewards (Game Personnel) 199 Striking Fouls and Tripping (Personal Fouls) 155 Substitute (Team and Player Designations) 77 Substitution Procedures (Substitutions) 100 Succeeding Spot (Spots) 74 Suspending the game (Timeouts: Starting and Stopping the Clock) 92

Tackle Box 81 Targeting 81 Targeting and Making Forcible Contact to Head or Neck Area of a Defenseless Player (Personal Fouls) 156 Targeting and Making Forcible Contact With the Crown of the Helmet (Personal Fouls) 156 Team Area and Coaching Box (The Field) 47 Team Arrival (Cancellation, Suspension and Abandonment of Games) 200 Team B personal foul during legal forward pass play (Forward Pass) 144 Team Captains (General Provisions) 44 Teams A and B (Team and Player Designations) 76 Teams Subject to the Rules (General Provisions) 45 Terms and Conditions 240 The Field (Cancellation, Suspension and Abandonment of Games) 200 The Field (Field Areas) 80 The Game (General Provisions) 44 The Neutral Zone 71 Timeout (Timeouts: Starting and Stopping the Clock) 88 Timing Adjustments (Playing Time and Intermissions) 85 Timing Devices (Playing Time and Intermissions) 87 Touching and Recovery of a Free Kick; Illegal Touching (Free Kicks) 115 Touching (Fumble, Muff; Batting and Touching the Ball; Blocking a Kick) 67 Touching Ground On or Behind Goal Line (Scrimmage Kicks) 120

Unfair Acts (Unsportsmanlike Conduct Fouls) 169 Unfair Clock Tactics (Delays/Clock Tactics) 97 Unfair Tactics (Unsportsmanlike Conduct Fouls) 168 Unsportsmanlike Acts (Unsportsmanlike Conduct Fouls) 165 Use of Hands or Arms by Defense: Passing Downs (Blocking, Use of Hands or Arms) 174

Valid Signal (Fair Catch) 66 Violation (Foul and Violation) 67 Violation Timeouts (Timeouts: Starting and Stopping the Clock) 94

Water Carriers (Game Personnel) 198 Weather (Cancellation, Suspension and Abandonment of Games) 201 When Ball is Ready for Play (The Ball: Live, Dead, Loose, Ready For Play) 62 When Declared (Touchback) 153 When to Award Series (A Series: Started, Broken, Renewed) 109 Who May Block (Blocking, Use of Hands or Arms) 172 Winning Team and Final Score (General Provisions) 44

Yard Lines (Lines) 69


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Editor: Jim Briggs, BAFA/BAFRA Rules Committee
rules@britishamericanfootball.org